Access to Justice Clinic

Why the clinic?  As the costs of legal services have risen, America’s civil “justice gap” has widened. Now, in such critical areas as evictions, child support, custody, domestic violence, foreclosures, public benefits, consumer debt, and immigration, vast numbers of people of low and moderate means cannot afford legal help. Instead, they navigate the legal system pro se, often against companies and agencies that do have lawyers — and frequently with disastrous results. (In Philadelphia Municipal Court, for example, a recent study showed that about 80% of landlords are represented, compared to about 7% of tenants.)

What will you do? In the seminar portion of the clinic, you’ll learn about the nature and extent of the civil justice gap, the reasons it exists and the sorts of approaches that can help to address it. Seminar topics include constitutional and statutory rights to counsel; the role of legal aid and pro bono; “unbundled” representation; new roles for non-lawyer professionals and volunteers; court-based help centers; online forms and other innovative uses of technology; ethical issues; and more.

In the project portion of the clinic, you’ll research one or more efforts aimed at promoting greater access to justice. Typically, you’ll be in contact with organizations such as legal non-profits, bar associations, and courts, that are in some way involved in the problem of providing greater access to justice for low-income individuals. Projects will typically involve gathering information, drafting reports and recommendations, and engaging in policy advocacy. For example, a project might entail investigating how court rules designed for parties with lawyers can become an unmanageable obstacle for pro se litigants, and developing a proposal for changes in the rules.

The focus of your project will be primarily on systemic issues rather than individual representation, although the clinic will take on individual clients in some circumstances.

Through your work in the clinic, you’ll gain practical skills and experience in collaborating with lawyers in legal nonprofits and other agencies, as well as with student colleagues; in understanding how administrative agencies and courts actually operate, and how people of limited means experience our civil justice system; in identifying barriers to justice and developing strategies for change; and in written advocacy.

Legal research and analysis
Systems research, including interviewing of stakeholders and data-gathering
Systemic advocacy skills (e.g., problem identification, solution development, legal and policy advocacy)
Drafting of reports and other advocacy documents
Collaboration with legal and community organizations clients
Limited individual representation depending on project

The clinic is a 4-credit graded course, consisting of a weekly seminar and extensive small-group work.